What Is The Locarno Agreement

Between 1923 and 1929, Germany experienced a golden age under the Weimar Republic. Politician Gustav Stresemann helped secure U.S. loans for economic reconstruction and international agreements that helped rebuild Germany`s place among the world`s leading nations. Why were the Stresemann years considered a golden age? A series of international agreements developed in Locarno, a Swiss spa town at the northern end of Lake Maggiore. Their aim was to reduce tensions by guaranteeing the common borders of Germany, Belgium and France, as provided for in the Versailles Peace Regulations of 1919. Gustav Stresemann, as German foreign minister, refused to accept Germany`s eastern border with Poland and Czechoslovakia as immutable, but agreed that reconstruction should proceed peacefully. In the “spirit of Locarno”, Germany was invited to join the League of Nations. In 1936, Hitler condemned the most important Locarno Treaty and sent his troops to the demilitarized Rhineland; In 1938 he annexed the Sudetenland to Czechoslovakia and in 1939 to Poland. German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann has given the highest priority to restoring German prestige and privileges as a leading European nation. The French withdrawal from the occupation of the Ruhr was scheduled for January 1925, but Stresemann felt that France was very nervous about his safety and could break the retreat. Realizing that France deeply wanted a British guarantee of its post-war borders, but London hesitated, Stresemann developed a plan in which all parties would get what they wanted: through a series of treaties promising these guarantees. When the British Foreign Secretary, Austen Chamberlain, heard this proposal, he enthusiastically accepted.

France realized that its occupation of the Ruhr region had caused a lot of financial and diplomatic damage. [1] The Foreign Ministers then met in October 1925 in the Swiss seaside resort of Locarno, where they agreed on the treaties. The first treaty was the most critical: a mutual guarantee of the borders of Belgium, France and Germany, guaranteed by Great Britain and Italy. The second and third treaties provided for arbitration between Germany and Belgium, as well as between Germany and France, on future disputes. .